Businesses make use of different system resources in order to increase organizational productivity and profitability. Different components of systems like software, software deployment tools, hardware, application programs, etc., are utilized according to business needs. Managing the computer resources becomes essential to make certain that the costs are managed to suit the benefits. Software asset management is the process of managing the buying, usage, maintenance and the disposal of software in an organization.
Software Asset Management (SAM)
It is done to minimize legal and associated risks and to ensure user productivity of software applications. IT personnel involved in this process identify the number of software installations in the organization, compare the data with the number of purchased licenses, and make certain that there are control measures to prevent any legal complications related to software licensing and purchasing.
Software inventory tools
These are the tools that make sure that the software programs purchased and deployed to the organization’s systems using software deployment tools are licensed. They track the number of software inventory installed in the systems and compare it with the number of licensed software. They act as a control mechanism to ensure no illegal and unlicensed software is used in business activities.
Software metering tools
These tools ensure that there is enough number of licensed software for use in the organization. They also help keep record of expiration of software licenses and their updating. They help in eliminating ill-usage of unlicensed software by stopping or limiting their execution in real time. These tools also monitor the payment for and usage of pay-per-use software programmes. Added benefit of these tools is that they help in making sure that the software usage is in conformance with the organizational policies and strategies.
Application control tools
They are a part of information technology control system of a business. They are used as security measures as they help in securing and protecting privacy of data when software applications are made use of. They restrict who can run an application and when it can be run and which application can be run by whom. They have authority on what kind of inputs can be processed using these applications. Authorization and authentication controls are made use of in the process.
Tools that are involved in ensuring that a new software application is accessible to an end user are called software deployment tools. The deployment activities range from the release of the software to its disposal. These tools are used in installing software in a computer system. They take care of installing the software program and deactivating all non compatible programs during installation. They are made use of in updating the software on time and in uninstalling it when required.
Patch management tools
Patch management is carried out on administered systems. It refers to acquiring, testing and installing code changes in the systems. These multiple code changes are referred to as patches. The process helps to keep the software application updated, so that usage and efficiency standards are met. Along with software deployment tools, these tools support SAM.